Work Nature

  • If you take the academic route, you will spend your professional life conducting research, writing research papers, lecturing students and presenting your research findings at academic conferences around the world.
  • A career in academia is the most common route for physicists. This allows scientists the greatest flexibility and control over their research, and often is the only way to develop a career which focuses on the fundamental areas of physics.
  • Perform complex calculations as part of the analysis and evaluation of data, using computers.
  • Describe and express observations and conclusions in mathematical terms.
  • Analyze data from research conducted to detect and measure physical phenomena.
  • Report experimental results by writing papers for scientific journals or by presenting information at scientific conferences.
  • Design computer simulations to model physical data so that it can be better understood.
  • Collaborate with other scientists in the design, development, and testing of experimental, industrial, or medical equipment, instrumentation, and procedures.
  • Direct testing and monitoring of contamination of radioactive equipment, and recording of personnel and plant area radiation exposure data.
  • Observe the structure and properties of matter, and the transformation and propagation of energy, using equipment such as masers, lasers, and telescopes to explore and identify the basic principles governing these phenomena.
  • Develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments, and apply these theories and laws to problems in areas such as nuclear energy, optics, and aerospace technology.
  • Teach physics to students.
  • Develop manufacturing, assembly, and fabrication processes of lasers, masers, infrared, and other light-emitting and light-sensitive devices.
  • Conduct application evaluations and analyze results to determine commercial, industrial, scientific, medical, military, or other uses for electro-optical devices.
  • Develop standards of permissible concentrations of radioisotopes in liquids and gases. 

Key Skills

  • Machine Learning
  • Chemical Process Engineering
  • Bioinformatics
  • Research Analysis
  • Product Development
  • Molecular Biology
  • Image Processing
  • Clinical Research
  • Biotechnology


  • Astronomy Professor
  • Astrophysicist
  • Research Consultant
  • Research Physicist
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientist
  • Astronomer
  • Physicist

Career Analysis

1 Fees
2 Demand
3 Salary
4 Level Of Preparation

Career Videos

Career Navigator

Career Navigator 1

Career Navigator 2

Career Navigator 3