- Archaeology is a multi-disciplinary science integrating knowledge of geology, anthropology,history etc. Archaeologists study old monuments, inscriptions, excavation sites, etc, delving into significant phases of human activity to study its influences on life. Archivists study documents for finding historical evidence.
- Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.
- Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.
- Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology, and artifact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings.
- Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.
- Present findings from archeological research to peers and the general public.
- Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.
- Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.
Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.
- Create a grid of each site and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.
- Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found.
- Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites.
- Teach archeology at colleges and universities.
- Research analysis
- Project management
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
- Technical writing
- Database management and reporting
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